Friday, November 13, 2009

Disease and progression in colon cancer

More on the gastro-intestinal disorders can be found here.

At the start of colon cancer symptoms do not occur. Only late show general symptoms such as bloating or general, occasional indigestion. Because these complaints, however, are very commonplace, they hardly disturb anyone. That is why cancer is often discovered late, when the tumor growth leads to more serious complaints.

Frequent diarrhea and constipation occur in alternation.

With the increasing size of the tumor reduces the intestine, thus reducing its permeability. Then, the bolus can not freely pass through the gut, constipation is the result. If the bowel is narrowed by the tumor growth over a longer distance, it can be a very thin form result of the deposed stool. Conversely, the tumor growth can affect the large intestine but also in its function of avoiding the pre-digested chyme fluid. In this case, diarrhea symptoms are the result. Often these symptoms appear constipation and diarrhea but on the exchange.

You may experience severe abdominal pain.

If the tumor during its growth, which restricts the intestine and thereby threatened the regular onward movement of chyme. By strong contraction of the underlying muscles in the intestinal wall of the intestine tries to squeeze the stool against the obstacle or to get past. These strong muscle contractions are perceived by those affected can be very painful in the form of cramping abdominal pain.

The chair can be mixed with blood or mucus.

Some symptoms are noticeable to the chair. Changes in appearance can be caused by both the tumor itself, but they can also reactions of the intestinal mucosa at the tumor to be. Occasionally, blood or mucus can be observed on the chair. In particular, blood occurs occasionally from the tumor itself. The mucus produced is amplified by the irritated bowel wall. The blood outlet may be so small that it can not be detected by the naked eye, but only through a special test (occult blood test, cf "preventive measures"). Due to increased blood loss in turn can lead to a general anemia occur (anemia), which manifests itself in the form of pallor, fatigue, weakness, and diminished performance. For many sufferers, it also comes to weight loss.

Weight loss and weakness are often very stressful.

In particular, this "constitutional symptoms" such as weakness and declining performance, are often a great burden, since they participate in the hitherto exercised severely limit daily activities. In addition to the targeted cancer therapy for example can Blood transfusions are administered to compensate for the anemia and thus increase the well-being. Physiotherapy exercises are another helpful measure.

An artificial anus may be necessary.

Some stakeholders must be created as part of the operative tumor removal, an artificial anus. Many patients, this is unpleasant, and they limit their social contacts. Specialist inform individuals about proper care and detailed advice on how to deal with a colostomy. As a rule, then normal social contact problem. In partnership, family and friends open discussions are helpful to familiarize yourself with the new situation.

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